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15 Fall Crops To Sow After Labor Day

15 Fall Crops To Sow After Labor Day

Labor Day weekend signals the passing of Summer's peak. Picking sweet tomatoes, watermelons, and peppers may not be an option in your garden for much longer, but that doesn't mean that your growing season has come to a complete halt. There are many delicious crops to be sown even after Labor Day. These varieties grow quickly, in time to mature before the frost kicks in, they are extra hardy, verdant, and longer-lasting. Spending time in the garden in the Fall can also be one of the most relaxing and temperate times. We're sharing with you 15 crops that you can sow now and enjoy throughout the cool season, as well as tips for what makes a cool season crop most successful.

About Fall Crops

Timing and Temperature

These cool-tolerant crops can germinate in soil with temperature ranging from 50 ° to 68 °F.  Because there will be increasingly shorter days , the plants won't be getting as much light as the season progresses. For this reason, fall crops tend to take longer to mature. This is also why we suggest getting started early. The weeks surrounding Labor Day are the perfect time to sow these varieties and give them the time they need to be fruitful. Take note of the seeds' "days to maturity" range and work backwards from your grow zone's frost date to ensure they have enough time to grow before things get too cold. 

For example, if your grow zone's frost date is November 15th and the peas you want to plant take 40 days to reach maturity, you would want to sow your seeds before October 6th.

Longer Lasting

You may also notice that Fall crops are extra hardy and verdant compared the produce you had in the prior months. The lettuce you planted for the Summer may have had a short window of maturity before they started withering away, but you'll notice that fall crops last much longer. Some leafy crops like broccoli raab, kale, and kohlrabi can stay in good condition for months in the garden, even withstanding the frost through the winter! These characteristics make cool season crops all-the-more sustainable and a truly abundant food source to supply your kitchen throughout the coming months. 

What To Sow

Arugula Roquette Heirloom

1. Arugula

Days to Maturity: 20-40 days
Recommended Variety: Roquette Heirloom

Beet Tall Top Early Wonder

2. Beets

Days to Maturity: 40-70 days
Recommended Variety: Tall Top Early Early Wonder

Bean Garden Tendergreen Improved Bush Heirloom

3. Beans

Days to Maturity: 40-60 days
Recommended Variety: Tendergreen Improved (Bush)

Broccoli De Cicco

4. Broccoli

Days to Maturity: 35-65 days
Recommended Variety: Broccoli De Cicco

Kale Red Russian

5. Kale

Days to Maturity: 35-65 days
Recommended Variety: Red Russian

Kohlrabi Early White Vienna

6. Kohlrabi

Days to Maturity: 40-50 days
Recommended Variety: Kohlrabi White Vienna

Lettuce Grand Rapids

7. Leaf Lettuce

Days to Maturity: 40-60 days
Recommended Variety: Lettuce Grand Rapids

Mesclun Mix

8. Mesclun

Days to Maturity: 30-45 days
Recommended Variety: Mesclun Mix

Mustard India Southern Giant Curled

9. Mustard Greens

Days to Maturity: 25-40 days
Recommended Variety: Mustard India Southern Giant

Organic Onion Evergreen Bunching

10. Green Onions

Days to Maturity: 50-70 days
Recommended Variety: Onion Evergreen Bunching

Pak Choi Toy Choy

11. Pak Choi

Days to Maturity: 30-40 days
Recommended Variety: Toy Choi

Pea Alaska Seed

12. Peas

Days to Maturity: 40-60 days
Recommended Variety: Pea Alaska

Radish Champion Heirloom Seed

13. Radishes

Days to Maturity: 30-40 days
Recommended Variety: Radish Champion Heirloom

Swiss Chard Mixed Colors

14. Swiss Chard

Days to Maturity: 30-50 days
Recommended Variety: Swiss Chard Mixed Colors

Turnip Purple Top White Globe

15. Turnips

Days to Maturity: 50-60 days
Recommended Variety: Turnip Purple Top

Cool Season Growing Tips

Frost Protection

Though many of these cool season crops are strong enough to withstand varying degrees of frost, you can protect your plants from the more extreme conditions by covering them with outdoor frost protection blankets. These can be found at your local gardening store and are inexpensive. 

Succession Planting

If you are currently phasing out your Summer crops, you can uproot the retired plants to re-utilize the space for your cool-season sowing. This will help you save space and benefit from the nutrient-rich soil left behind in those active growing spaces. Learn more about Succession Planting

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Hi James, we are constantly updating our online seed and plant assortment, please be sure to check back here or subscribe to our marketing emails to stay in the loop!


What happened to the asparagus green beans. I bought them last spring and really enjoyed them

James Deck

Hi Catherine!

This answer all boils down to your geographic location (or your growing zone) and depending on the growing zone you’re in it may not be too late to sow these seeds directly outdoors and harvest them in time before your first frost.

Recorded Average First Frost Dates Across the US:

Growing Zone 1 August 25-31
Growing Zone 2 September 1-8
Growing Zone 3 September 8-15
Growing Zone 4 September 21 – October 7
Growing Zone 5 October 13 – October 21
Growing Zone 6 October 17-31
Growing Zone 7 October 29 – November 15
Growing Zone 8 November 7-28
Growing Zone 9 November 25 – December 13
Growing Zone 10-13 No freeze

Be sure to check the Days to Germ and Days to Harvest on the seed packets you’re interested in growing to make sure you’d have enough time in your growing zone. We hope this information helps!


Are these suggested crops all able to be sowed directly from seed at this time of year?

Catherine Wetzell

Hi Deborah, certainly planting flowers/bulbs between the onion starts will be fine. Other good options for onion companion crops are plants in the cabbage family including broccoli, kale and brussels sprouts because onions naturally deter the pests that love cabbages.


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